Funded by the European Union under Horizon Europe programme – Grant Agreement 101059425

Network of 2nd Chance Schools

Réseau des Écoles de la 2e Chance

Écoles de la 2e Chance France


Evidence of results

Purpose related to Let's Care

Level of Education

Second Chance School


Safe Education

Brief description of the Project






Public (through different ministries and public bodies such as the Ministry of Labour, the Ministry of National Education, the National Agency for Social Cohesion and Equal Opportunities (ACSE), and the region in which the school is located)


To ensure the professional insertion as a school for teaching, education and training of young people without qualifications and outside the school system


The methodology of the Écoles de la 2e Chance (E2C) is based on an innovative and personalised pedagogical approach that seeks to adapt to the needs and characteristics of each young person.
Among the main characteristics of the E2C methodology, we can highlight:

  • An individualised and personalised approach: each young person receives an individualised accompaniment and support from the tutors and trainers, who adapt to their needs and learning pace.
  • Theoretical and practical training: the training is based on a combination of theoretical and practical knowledge and focuses on the development of technical and transversal skills that are valued by companies.
  • In-company work experience: young people have the opportunity to do internships and work in companies to gain real work experience and develop their professional skills.
  • A focus on autonomy and responsibility: the E2C methodology seeks to foster autonomy and responsibility in young people, so that they feel able to make decisions and carry out projects with self-confidence.
  • A continuous and formative evaluation: the progress of each young person is continuously monitored to adapt the training to their needs and to ensure that they achieve the objectives set.

Type of Action

Academic GuidanceCollaboration with companiesVocational TrainingWork experience in a company

Target Group and Determinants attended

Students (Migration processes)Students (No parental care)Students (Socioeconomic status)

Professionals involved

EducatorsPsychologists and counsellorSchool ManagementTeachers

Networking - Actors and Institutions mobilised by the Project

GovernmentLocal authoritiesNGOs or third sector organisationsSchools


The Écoles de la 2e Chance (E2C) have had different facilitators for their implementation and execution. Institutional support has been one of the main ones, with the French State funding and providing political support to the E2C. In addition, companies have also been important facilitators, offering work placements, participating in the training and mentoring of young people, or facilitating the integration of young people into their companies.
The involvement of civil society has also been significant, through the participation of associations, foundations and other social agents that have supported the work of the E2C. Finally, collaboration between E2Cs has been an important facilitator, allowing them to share good practices, exchange knowledge and experiences, and improve the quality of their programmes and services.


One of the most significant barriers has been the lack of funding and resources, which has limited the ability of E2Cs to reach more young people and offer high quality services. Although the French state has been a major funder of E2Cs, there has often been a lack of long-term funding and uncertainty in funding, which has made it difficult to plan and implement long-term programmes. Another barrier has been a lack of recognition and support from some sectors of society, who may view young people who have dropped out of education and employment as "lazy" or "troublemakers". This has led to the need for greater awareness and education about the benefits of E2C and how it can help young people overcome barriers to employment and education. Finally, lack of coordination and collaboration between different stakeholders has also been a major barrier, leading to duplication of efforts, lack of consistency in services and lack of transparency in the use of resources.

Grade of linkage with the Safe Education Model

The E2C methodology is based on a personalised and youth-centred approach, enabling them to develop social and emotional skills, as well as technical and vocational skills. Young people are supported in setting realistic and achievable goals, which allows them to regain their self-confidence and self-esteem.
Through the E2C methodology, young people can develop meaningful relationships with mentors and peers, which can help establish bonds and attachment in the classroom. Young people can feel part of a group and united by common goals, which can lead to greater engagement and participation in education and learning.

Grade of linkage with the purpose of Let's Care

The Écoles de la 2e Chance (E2C) have a direct link to the fight against school drop-outs and job abandonment. One of the main objectives of E2Cs is to help young people who have dropped out of education and employment to reintegrate into society through education and training.
E2C gives young people a second chance to gain technical skills and knowledge, as well as social and emotional skills, so that they can find a job or continue their education. The E2C methodology is based on a personalised and youth-centred approach, enabling young people to develop skills and knowledge in a supportive and motivating environment.
Through E2Cs, young people can obtain certifications and diplomas that enable them to access better paid jobs with more opportunities for growth. This can have a positive impact on their self-esteem and emotional well-being, as well as their ability to integrate into society.

Grade of evidence about impact and political relevance

The positive experimentation of the E2Cs led in 2006 to the publication of a guide for the expansion of the scheme, and in 2007-2008 to the promulgation of legislative and regulatory texts, which guarantee a national framework for the schools. Article L 214 14 of the Education Code (Law 2007-297 of 5 March 2007) and its implementing decree (No. 2007-1756 of 13 December 2007) concerning the Second Chance Schools demonstrated the legislator's desire to support and institutionalise the scheme.

Its positive results, cited as an example in several studies and institutional reports, have led to development proposals in the framework of the Government's Grand Plan d'Investissement 2018-2022. A funding agreement was signed on 30 March 2018 with the Minister of Labour, covering three areas:

  • The financing of new pathways between 2019 and 2022
  • Support for the implementation of the Competency-Based Approach
  • Engineering of the E2C France Network's information systems.

The Second Chance Schools (E2C) offer individualised support to young people who do not have a professional qualification or diploma in order to develop their skills and know-how. Established in 130 sites in France, the E2Cs welcome more than 15,000 young people each year. The strength of the scheme is that it operates on a triptych integrating skills acquisition, work experience and support for inclusion.
The rate of positive situations reaches 64% in 2021. This is the highest rate to date recorded by the E2C France Network.

Grade of evidence about impact - Project deliverables


The Écoles de la 2e Chance (E2C) programme is an initiative that has been successfully implemented in several European countries. However, although the E2C methodology is transferable, it is not an easy task to replicate the programme as it is implemented in France.
The implementation of E2C requires a significant investment in human and financial resources, which can be a challenge for countries wishing to implement this programme. In addition, the E2C methodology is based on a personalised and youth-centred approach, which requires highly trained and committed staff.


Inclusion, personalisation, opportunity

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