Attachment Theory

Description:

The attachment relationship is one of the main drivers of human development and learning [1]. In the first instance, this
security is generated through the attachment relationship between children and their primary caregivers, usually their
parents. Children develop secure attachments when primary caregivers are a secure base for exploration and a haven of
safety in the face of danger and emotional distress [2]. Those children who establish a secure attachment also develop better
social, cognitive, and emotional competencies and better school achievement than those who show an insecure
attachment ([3], [4]). In addition, children with an insecure attachment are more likely to develop behavioral problems,
emotional or personality disorders, school underachievement, or early school dropout (i.e., [5], [3], [6]).

Bronfenbrenner’s eco-systemic theory (Source: [7])

Sprouts. (2018, 31. May). The Attachment Theory: How Childhood Affects Life. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WjOowWxOXCg
Sprouts Deutschland. (2019, 18. March). 0:00 / 8:07 Bindungstheorie - Wie Deine Kindheit Dein Leben Beeinflusst. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wStZIrFuOvU

Source:

[1] D. Osher, P. Cantor, J. Berg, L. Steyer, and T. Rose, “Drivers of human development: How relationships and context shape learning and development1,” Appl. Dev. Sci., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 6–36, Jan. 2020, doi: 10.1080/10888691.2017.1398650.
[2] J. Bowlby, Attachment and Loss, Vol. 1:Attachment. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books Ltd, 1978.
[3] K. A. Kerns and L. E. Brumariu, “Attachment and Psychopathology in Childhood,” in Handbook of attachment: Theory, Research, and Clinical Applications, 3rd edition., J. Cassidy and P. R. Shaver, Eds. New York: The Guilford Press, 2016, pp. 265–286.
[4] R. A. Thompson, “Early attachment and later development,” in Handbook of attachment: Theory, Research, and Clinical Applications, J. Cassidy and P. R. Shaver, Eds. New York: The Guilford Press, 1999, pp. 265–286.
[5] M. DeKlyen and M. T. Greenberg, “Attachment in Middle Childhood,” in Handbook of attachment: Theory, research, and clinical applications, 3rd edition., J. Cassidy and P. R. Shaver, Eds. New York: Guilford Press, 2016.
[6] G. Ramsdal, S. Bergvik, and R. Wynn, “Parent–child attachment, academic performance and the process of high-school dropout: a narrative review,” Attach. Hum. Dev., vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 522–545, Sep. 2015, doi: 10.1080/14616734.2015.1072224.
[7] A. Berástegui and C. Pitillas, “What Does It Take for Early Relationships to Remain Secure in the Face of Adversity?,” in Multisystemic Resilience, M. Ungar, Ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2021.
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